Koordinationsmechanismen von verteiltem regionalen Wissen

[English title: Coordination mechanisms of distributed regional knowledge (Translate text to: English)]

Rimkus, M.
Wissenstransfer in Clustern. Eine Analyse am Beispiel des Biotech-Standorts Martinsried.
Wisbaden: Gabler, 2009. XIV, 126 S., ISBN: 978-3-8349-1427-9 (pbk)

Zus.: Wissen ist eine Schlüsselressource für erfolgreiche Unternehmen und dynamische Regionen. Gerade in räumlich konzentrierten Wertschöpfungssystemen entsteht jedoch ein Spannungsverhältnis zwischen kooperativer Wissensteilung und konkurrenzbezogener Wissensdiffusion. Ein aktives Wissensmanagement wird daher auch in der betriebswirtschaftlichen Forschung intensiv diskutiert.
Manuel Rimkus analysiert die verschiedenen Koordinationsmechanismen von disparat verteiltem Wissen am Beispiel des Biotechnologiestandorts Martinsried. Auf Basis organisationstheoretischer Konzeptionen sowie qualitativer Experteninterviews und einer Onlinebefragung untersucht er Einflussfaktoren eines effizienten Wissenstransfers in Clustern. Er zeigt, dass die Etablierung eines Wissensintermediärs und der langfristige Aufbau einer vertrauensvollen Wissensatmosphäre transaktionskostensenkend wirken. Die Akkumulation von Kundenwissen und die netzwerkbasierte Bündelung komplementärer Wissensressourcen lockern ebenfalls ökonomische Knappheitsrelationen.

Zielgruppe: Dozenten und Studenten der Betriebswirtschaftslehre mit den Schwerpunkten Management- und Organisationslehre sowie Clusterforschung; Regional- und Clustermanager, Fach- und Führungskräfte in wissensintensiven Branchen

Autor: Dipl.-Kfm. Manuel Rimkus ist Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter im Bayerischen Staatsministerium für Wirtschaft, Infrastruktur, Verkehr und Technologie im Bereich Management grenzüberschreitender EU-Förderprogramme.

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(c) Gabler

GfWM Newsletter, 6/2008

[English title: GfWM Newsletter, 6/2008 (Translate text to: English)]

GfWM Newsletter, 6/2008 Nov / Dez

Aus dem Inhalt:

  • Bericht zur Mitgliederversammlung 2008
  • Interviews mit den neuen Vorständen Marc Nitschke und Dr. Tobias Müller- Prothmann
  • Wissensmanagement in der öffentlichen Verwaltung
  • GfWM- Newsletter- Jahresüberblick 2008

Lesen Sie den gesamten Newsletter online.

(c) Gesellschaft für Wissensmanagement e.V.

Individuals as a part of the knowledge diamond

[Deutscher Titel: Individuen als Teil des Wissensdiamanten (Text übersetzen: Deutsch)]

MICHAEL B. ARTHUR, ROBERT J. DeFILLIPPI and VALERIE J. LINDSAY
On Being a Knowledge Worker
Organizational Dynamics, Volume 37, Issue 4, October-December 2008, Pages 365-377

Three ways of knowing

  • Knowing-why
  • Knowing-how
  • Knowing-whom

Four kinds of collaboration

  • Individuals
  • Communities
  • Organizations
  • The Industry (or Industries)

The knowledge diamond
Project-based organizing
Interpersonal bonding and bridging
Knowledge worker communities
Open innovation
A self-organizing world
Conclusion
Selected bibliography
Vitae

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Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Information & Management, 45 (8), 2008 – interesting articles

[Deutscher Titel: Information & Management, 45 (8), 2008 – interessante Artikel (Text übersetzen: Deutsch)]

Information & Management,
Volume 45, Issue 8, Pages 507-570 (December 2008)

Determinants of successful virtual communities: Contributions from system characteristics and social factors 522-527
Hsiu-Fen Lin

  • Abstract: Although there is growing interest in virtual communities, few studies have examined them from an integrated viewpoint including technical and social perspectives. By expanding on DeLone and McLean’s IS success model, the author constructed a model of the impact of system characteristics (e.g., information and system quality) and social factors (e.g., trust and social usefulness) in implementing successful virtual communities. Data collected from 198 community members provided support for the model. Results showed that both member satisfaction and a sense of belonging were determinants of member loyalty in the community. Additionally, information and system quality were found to affect member satisfaction, while trust influenced the members’ sense of belonging to the community. Finally, the findings provided understanding of the factors that measured virtual community success. Implications of my study are discussed.
  • Keywords: Virtual communities; System characteristics; Social factors; Member satisfaction; Member loyalty
  • DOI (Link): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2008.08.002

Determinants of ERP implementation knowledge transfer 528-539
Qing Xu, Qingguo Ma

  • Abstract: Our study examined the determinants of ERP knowledge transfer from implementation consultants (ICs) to key users (KUs), and vice versa. An integrated model was developed, positing that knowledge transfer was influenced by the knowledge-, source-, recipient-, and transfer context-related aspects. Data to test this model were collected from 85 ERP-implementation projects of firms that were mainly located in Zhejiang province, China. The results of the analysis demonstrated that all four aspects had a significant influence on ERP knowledge transfer. Furthermore, the results revealed the mediator role of the transfer activities and arduous relationship between ICs and KUs. The influence on knowledge transfer from the source’s willingness to transfer and the recipient’s willingness to accept knowledge was fully mediated by transfer activities, whereas the influence on knowledge transfer from the recipient’s ability to absorb knowledge was only partially mediated by transfer activities. The influence on knowledge transfer from the communication capability (including encoding and decoding competence) was fully mediated by arduous relationship.
  • Keywords: ERP; Knowledge transfer; Absorptive capacity; Transfer activities; Transfer context; Bidirectional knowledge transfer
  • DOI (Link): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2008.08.004

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

The nature of silent knowledge in artefacts

[Deutscher Titel: Der Charakter stillen Wissens in Artefakten (Text übersetzen: Deutsch)]

Anders Brix
SOLID KNOWLEDGE: NOTES ON THE NATURE OF KNOWLEDGE EMBEDDED IN DESIGNED ARTEFACTS
Artifact, Volume 2, Issue 1 2008 , pages 36 – 40

Abstract: The great icons of industrial and architectural design are cornerstones of our material culture. They are referred to again and again in education, research, and cultural debate, and as such they have become nodal points of human discourse. The knowledge embedded in such artefacts has often been referred to as “silent knowledge”. Drawing on the one hand on an analysis of the elements of the design process and, on the other, on a simple model for knowledge construction as such, taken from the world of scientific research, this article discusses the nature of such silent knowledge. It is argued that the structure of any new knowledge contribution is the same regardless of field, be it art, philosophy, or science, whereas the phenomena involved are different.

Keywords: design theory; aesthetic theory; design knowledge

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(c) Routledge

Most comprehensive source on topics in the field of Knowledge Management 2006 – 2008