The internationalization of Finnish information and communication technology (ICT) firms from the knowledge-based perspective

[Deutscher Titel: Die Internationalisierung von finnischen Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologieunternehmen aus einer wissensbasierten Perspektive (Text übersetzen: Deutsch)]

Sami Saarenketo,Kaisu Puumalainen, Kalevi Kyläheiko, and Olli Kuivalainen,
Linking knowledge and internationalization in small and medium-sized enterprises in the ICT sector
Technovation, Volume 28, Issue 9, September 2008, Pages 591-601

Abstract: This paper examines the internationalization of Finnish information and communication technology (ICT) firms from the knowledge-based perspective. Building on transaction cost economics and modern economics-based strategy research, this study presents a model that explores the influence of six important knowledge determinants on two key elements of the internationalization strategy, i.e. on the choice of entry mode and market concentration/diversification. We tested the model among 78 internationally operating Finnish ICT SMEs. The survey results indicate that the internationalization strategy is linked with uncertainty, asset specificity, appropriability of knowledge assets through tacitness and legal means, and economies of scale and scope. However, no link was found between opportunism and internationalization strategy of the firm. The paper concludes with implications to managers and future research.

Keywords: Knowledge-based view; Internationalization; ICT; SMEs

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