Two sets of factors that influence the absorption and utilization of knowledge in multinational corporation subsidiaries

[Deutscher Titel: Zwei Gruppen von Faktoren, die die Wissensaufnahme und -nutzung von Tochtergesellschaften multinationaler Unternehmen beeinflussen (Text übersetzen: Deutsch)]

Anupama Phene and Paul Almeida
Innovation in multinational subsidiaries: The role of knowledge assimilation and subsidiary capabilities
Journal of International Business Studies (2008) 39, 901–919.

Abstract: Subsidiaries of multinational firms play an important role in the globalization of innovation, yet we have an incomplete idea of the influences on their innovative activity. Drawing on prior research in international business and strategy, we identify two sets of factors that influence the absorption and utilization of knowledge in multinational corporation subsidiaries: (a) the range of external and internal knowledge sources available; and (b) the subsidiary capabilities associated with knowledge absorption and utilization. We find that knowledge absorbed from the host country is useful to subsidiary innovation. We also find support for the role of subsidiary capabilities: both sourcing capability and combinative capability have a significant influence on the scale and quality of innovation.

Keywords: knowledge, capabilities, multinationals, subsidiaries, innovation

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