Journal of Business and Psychology, 22 (3) 2008 – interesting articles

[Deutscher Titel: Journal of Business and Psychology, 22 (3) 2008 – interessante Artikel (Text übersetzen: Deutsch)]

Zeitschrift Journal of Business and Psychology
Volume 22, Number 3 / März 2008

The Relationship Between Machiavellianism and Knowledge Sharing Willingness 233-240
Chung C. Liu

  • Abstract: Knowledge sharing has become a legitimate and important organizational activity. Over the last two decades, firms have become creative in their efforts to make knowledge sharing take place. Meanwhile, Machiavellian orientation has been regarded as one of the most important variables in the study of management and organizational behavior for the last three decades. However, the existing literature does not offer any measure of relationships between Machiavellianism and knowledge sharing willingness. Therefore, this research aims to explore the relationship between Machiavellianism and knowledge sharing willingness. With a total of 325 valid questionnaires completed by employees, the paper presents some conclusive and valuable suggestions for businesses and scholars alike.
  • Keywords: Machiavellianism – Knowledge sharing willingness
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10869-008-9065-1 
     

Clarifying the Relationship Between Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, Gender, and Knowledge Sharing in Workplace Organizations in Taiwan   241-250
Chieh-Peng Lin

  • Abstract: This study examines the relationships between organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) and knowledge sharing using gender as a moderator. In the proposed model, five components of OCBs—altruism, courtesy, conscientiousness, sportsmanship, and civic virtue—influence knowledge sharing. Gender stereotypes have a moderating effect on each path and a main effect on each antecedent. These moderating effects are simultaneously examined using data obtained from employees at various companies who attend evening college classes for advanced study in Taiwan. A moderating test reveals that the influence of altruism on knowledge sharing is stronger for women than for men, while the influences of courtesy and sportsmanship on knowledge sharing are stronger for men than for women. Lastly, the influences of conscientiousness and civic virtue on knowledge sharing are similar between women and men. Implications of empirical findings are also discussed.
  • Keywords: Altruism – Courtesy – Conscientiousness – Sportsmanship – Civic virtue – Knowledge sharing
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10869-008-9067-z

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